Personal, Social and Emotional Development
Involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.
This area develops children’s positive sense of themselves. It teaches about having respect for oneself and others, developing social skills and a good attitude to learning. To give children the best opportunities through Positive Relationships, adults form caring relationships with all children. In Enabling Environments opportunities for play and learning are created that help children embrace differences between themselves and others. Learning and Development experiences are planned to promote all round development.
PSED is made up of these aspects:
- Self-Confidence and Self-Awareness
- Managing Feelings and Behaviour
- Making Relationships
How to support your child at home:
- Encourage your child to play with friends or siblings outside of school hours. Provide plenty of different materials and resources for them to choose from and get them working together to build things, solve problems and create things. Most importantly, promote sharing and turn-taking!
- Make sure you have some sort of role play area in your home. It could be a fancy dress box, a playhouse or a shed. Furnish it with old clothes, hats, shoes, and uniforms and props, such as police or doctor outfits. Role play is a brilliant way to help children learn and empathise with others.
- If you have certain rules in your house, help your child to understand why they are in place. Discuss the rules and ask your child to contribute to them. If your child feels they have made the rules, they'll be less likely to break them!
- Affirm and praise positive behaviour, explaining that it makes children and adults feel happier.
- Encourage your child to dress and undress independently, and manage their own personal hygiene, giving support where needed.
- Help your child to learn to empathise with others by telling them stories about real life situations and asking them to explain how they feel and what they think.
- Always ask your child plenty of questions about their feelings.